Racial Violence in the United States, 1863 to Present

The Reconstruction Era (1863-1877)

Table II. Violence By Supporters of Reconstruction


1) Reconstruction: America's Unfinished Revolution 1863-1877. Eric Foner. Harper & Row. 1988.

2) Redemption: The Last Battle of the Civil War. Nicholas Lemann. Farrar, Strauss, and Giroux. 2006.

3) The State of Jones: The Small Southern County that Seceded from the Confederacy. Sally Jenkins and John Stauffer. Doubleday. 2009.

4) The Freedmen's Bureau Online: Records of the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Landsfreedmensbureau.com. 2014.