Racial Violence in the United States, 1863 to Present
Civil Rights and Restorative Justice Project
Racism at American Pools Isn't New: A Look at a Long History
The Case for Reparations
European Colonizers Killed so Many Native Americans that it Changed the Global Climate
U.S. Government Hangs Thirty-Eight Dakota Men in Minnesota.
The Reconstruction Era
Freedmen's Bureau Online
Sites of violence. screconstruction.org
Racism in the Reconstruction
The Washington Post. Five Myths About Reconstruction.
vox.com A Short History of White People Rigging
The Battle of Liberty Place.
Mississippi Authorizes “Sale” of Black Orphans to White "Masters or Mistresses"
General Grant Expels Jewish People from Tennessee District.
Confederate Veterans Established the Ku Klux Klan.
The Lynching Era
Without Sanctuary: Photographs and Postcards of Lynching in America
Lynching in America: Statistics,
Project HAL: Historical American Lynching Data
Ida B. Wells. "Lynch Law in America"
Freewheel Burning: Lynching Data
Dwight Murphey "Lynching: History and Analysis"
Ida B. Wells. A Red Record
Bar Graph of Lynching of African-Americans, 1890-1929
The Negro Holocaust: Lynching and Race Riots
in the United States, 1880-1950
The Lynching of Postmaster Frazier Baker
President Harding Condemns Lynching
Lynching in America
Sundown Towns. James W. Loewen.
The Insular Cases. Slate.
20,000 Nazis in NYC. 1939. The Atlantic.
New Obituary for Ida B. Wells. The New York Times.
Ida B. Wells 1909 Speech on Lynching. The Guardian.
How White Americans Used Lynchings to Terrorize and Control Black People. The Guardian.
Mob of 2000 Lynches Eli Pigot in Brookhaven, Mississippi.
Marie Scott Lynched in Wagoner County, Oklahoma.
Horace Duncan and Fred Coker Lynched in Springfield, Missouri.
Preston John Porter Jr., 16, Lynched in Limon, Colorado.
Supreme Court Upholds Law Against Chinese Americans in White Schools.
U.S. Supreme Court Rules Indian Immigrants Ineligible for Citizenship.
Black Man and Woman Brutally Lynched in Mississippi Delta.
The Civil Rights Era
Civil Rights Movement Veterans.
FBI.gov. Civil Rights Era Murders.
FBI.gov. Search for Civil Rights' Victims' Next of Kin.
Southern Poverty Law Center. Civil Rights Martyrs.
Southern Poverty Law Center. The Forgotten.
Chemical-Weapons Testing by Race in World War II.
The Isaac Woodard Case. blackpast.org
The Lone Journalist On the Scene When King was Shot and the Newsroom He Rallied. The New York Times.
zinnedproject.org Dec. 25, 1951: Murder of Harriette and Harry Moore in Florida.
Why a Town Is Finally Honoring a Black Veteran Attacked by Its White Police Chief. The New York Times.
Birmingham Church Bombing.
KKK Bombs Alabama Home of Civil Rights Leader Reverend Fred Shuttlesworth.
Richard and Mildred Loving Plead Guilty to Marrying Interracially.
Dr. King and Hundreds of Voting Rights Protestors Arrested.
The Modern Era
Southern Poverty Law Center. Map of Hate Groups.
Southern Poverty Law Center. Hate Incidents List.
ABC News: Hate Crimes News.
Hate Crime in America, by the Numbers.
Bureau of Justice Statistics: Race/Ethnicity.
civilrights.org. FBI Hate Crime Statistics.
NAACP: Criminal Justice Fact Sheet.
The Sentencing Project: Interactive Map of Racial Disparities.
The Sentencing Project: Racial Disparity.
deathpenaltyinfo.org. Race and the Death Penalty.
capitalpunishmentincontext.org. Race and the Death Penalty.
ACLU: Race and the Death Penalty.
Prison Policy Initiative: State-by-State Incarceration Rates by
drugwarfacts.org. Race and Prison.
pri.org. Black Church
American Psychological Association.
Black Boys Viewed as Older,Less Innocent than Whites.
The Atlantic. A Matter of
Mother Jones. Data for black vs. white deaths
The New Yorker.
Angola Prison and the Shadow of Slavery.
Campaign Zero. Ten Point plan to End Police Violence.
npr.org PA Judge Sentenced for Selling Teens into Prison
New York Times. 60 Years after Emmett Till.
The New York Times. Investigating Cases
from the Jim Crow Era.
Center for the Study of Race and Equity in Education. School
Suspension Disparity in Southern States.
The New York Times. High Rates of Rape in Native American Population
Undue Police Force in Baltmore.
Unarmed People of Color Killed by Police,
National Church Arson Task Force, Second Year Report.
hrw.org. Shielded from Justice: Police Brutality and Accountability
in the United States.
Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division,
Investigation of the Baltimore City Police Department.
Anti-Defamation League. State Hate Crimes Statutory Provisions.
Documenting Hate. ProPublica.
Understanding the Violence of
the Far Right.
United States Sentencing Commission. Demographic Differences in Sentencing: An Update to the 2012 Booker Report.
University of Michigan Law School Scholarship Repository. Racial Disparity in Federal Criminal Sentences.
Government Accountability Office. Countering Violent Extremism.
The New York Times. The Unmet Promise of Equality.
Time. 39% of Prisoners Should Not Be in Prison.
The Department of Justice. Hate Crimes.
Trayvon Martin Was Fatally Shot in Sanford, Florida.
Tne New York Times.
Swastikas, Slurs and Torment in Towns Schools.
The New York Times.
Pine Bush School District Settles Anti-Semitism Suit for $4.48 Million.
The New York Times. Settlement Over Anti-Semitic Bullying at Pine Bush Central Schools Is Approved.
The Plain View Project.
oversight.house.gov Confronting White Supremacy (Part I): The Consequences of Inaction.
Troy Davis Executed in Georgia Despite Evidence of Innocence.
Angry White Men: Tracking White Supremacy.
"The Great Replacement": The Violent consequences of Mainstreamed Extremism.
The Marshall Project.
Swastikas on US Campuses.
White Mob Chases, Kills Young Black Man in Howard Beach, New York.
Trayvon Martin Was Fatally Shot in Sanford, Florida.
States "Celebrate" Confederate Memorial Day.
Mass Racial Violence
Wikipedia: List of Ethnic Riots.
1898 Wilmington Race Riot Commission.
Forbes: Chart of Race Riots in the last three decades.
"Official Report of the Battle of Hamburg" South Carolina
"The New Orleans Massacre" 1866.
The Freedmen's Bureau Online. Memphis Race Riot
The Memphis Race Riot of 1866.
The Springfield Race Riot of 1908.
nextstl.com St. Louis Riot of 1949.
mentalfloss.com Notre Dame vs. the Klan 1924.
pbs.org Hundreds of black deaths during 1919’s Red Summer are being remembered
U.S. Troops Kill Over 300 Lakota in Massacre at Wounded Knee.
White Mob Destroys Black Community of Rosewood, Florida.