Chart by Todd Villeneuve. Data sourced from 1) A Festival of Violence: An Analysis of Southern Lynchings, 1882-1930 by
Stewart E. Tolnay and E.M. Beck; 2) "'Light is Bursting Upon the World!': White Supremacy and Racist Violence against Blacks in
Reconstruction Kansas"; and, 3) "Race, Sex and Riot: The Springfield, Ohio Race riots of 1904 and 1906 and the Sources of Antiblack
Violence in the Lower Midwest". Both Sources 2 and 3 are found in Lynching Beyond Dixie: American Mob Violence Outside the
South, edited by Michael J. Pfeifer.