Henderson, O'Dee n/a male --- May 9, 1940 Alabama Jefferson Fairfield beaten while handcuffed with a blackjack, rubber hose and leather strap, then shot three times all while in police custody 12, 21
Williams, Elbert (El) male --- June 20, 1940 Tennessee Haywood Brownsville the NAACP secretary was beaten, stabbed, and put in the Hatchee River 9, 12
Thornton, Jesse n/a male June 21, 1940 Alabama Crenshaw Luverne shot multiple times by a lynch mob for mentioning the presence of a white woman 12
Bass, George n/a male --- August 26, 1940 Tennessee Shelby Memphis his car was overturned and he was beaten; survived 9
Bass, George n/a male --- August 29, 1940 Tennessee Shelby Memphis beaten, required 85 stitches; survived 9
Bedgood, Noel n/a male --- August 29, 1940 Tennessee Shelby Memphis beaten, required 17 stitches; survived 9
Melker, Robert* n/a male 23 April 13, 1941 North Carolina Wilkes Cherryville Melker and his wife got into a verbal altercation with four white men; as the men threw rocks at them they fled toard their home where Melker's mother grabbed a shotgun and fired once at the men; they left, grabbed their shotguns and returned to the house; Melker opened the door and the men fired multiple shotgun blasts and killed him; these were the first white men ever convicted and sentenced for a lynching in North Carolina 25
Williams, A.C.* n/a male 22 May 13, 1941 Florida Gadsden Quincy Williams was shot to death after being abducted, twice, from authorities. Four white men initially took him from Gadsden County jail, and he was later found in the home of another black man having been left for dead after several bullet wounds and being beaten. The ambulance the sheriff placed Williams in was then stopped by four or five men and he was taken a second time. Williams was then found dead on a bridge. 29
Thompson, Martin n/a male --- October 1941 Alabama --- near Mobile Thompson had been held against his will by Charles E. Bledsoe, who pleaded guilty to federal charges; he was merely given a $100 fine and six months probation; Bledsoe continued to hold people against their will and J. Edgar Hoover refused to look into it further in 1942 23
Jackson, John* n/a male early 20's 1941 Alabama Jefferson Birmingham the black metal worker was shot in the back of a police car for arguing with the arresting officers in front of a movie theater 21
Wright, Cleo* n/a male --- January 25, 1942 Missouri New Madrid Sikeston dragged by automobile and burned to death with gasoline after being broken out of jail by a mob; the jury made no indictments and found that a federal crime had not been committed 20
Williams, Henry* n/a male --- August 15, 1942 Alabama Mobile Grover Chandler, a white bus driver, shot and killed Williams, a black soldier, as he was getting off the bus 30
Irving, Alfred n/a male --- September 1942 Texas Bee Beeville the mentally retarded black worker was held in bondage by a white farmer and his adult daughter for four years; Irving was physically disfigured by the beatings with whips, chains, and ropes that he had received during that time; the two were sentenced to federal prison 23
Lang, Charlie n/a male 14 October 1942 Mississippi Clarke Shubuta hanged after being taken from jail by a mob 3, 42
Green, Ernest n/a male 14 October 1942 Mississippi Clarke Shubuta hanged after being taken from jail by a mob 3, 42
Wash, Howard n/a male 45 1942 Mississippi Jones --- lynched 3
--- n/a male --- May 1943 Mississippi Amite or Wilkinson Centreville the county sheriff shot a private just outside an army base setting off a race riot 3
Harrison, Cellos n/a male --- June 16, 1943 Florida Jackson Marianna kidnapped from jail by a lynch mob and beaten to death despite two overturned convictions 12
Person, James Edward* n/a male --- October 12, 1943 Illinois Edgar Paris the African-American was shot in a lynching for an unknown offense 18
Willis, Hallery (Hollis)* n/a male --- November 7, 1943 Illinois Fulton Lewiston the African-American was shot in a lynching for rape 18
Hall, Robert* n/a male about 30 1943 Georgia Baker --- Mack Claude Screws, the sheriff of Baker County, and two assistants beat a black man to death; Screws v. United States (1945) came out of this case; Screws was acquitted in his second trial andserved as sheriff for twenty more years 20
Howard, Willie James n/a male 15 January 2, 1944 Florida Suwannee Live Oak forced to jump off a bridge while his hands and feet were bound, or be shot, by three white men for a crush on one of their daughters 12
Simmons, Rev. Isaac male 66 March 26, 1944 Mississippi Amite Liberty beaten, then shot three times in the back and his tongue was cut out because he had hired a lawyer to protect his title to a 220-acre farm where oil was suspected to exist 3, 12, 29
Davila, Jose n/a male 32 (19) October 6, 1944 Michigan Oceana Hart beaten then shot by the county sheriff for allegedly stealing eye glasses 12
Scales, James male 16 November 23, 1944 Tennessee Bledsoe Pikeville about to be hung by a lynch mob when one of them shot him at least 4 times in the head 12
two African-Americans n/a --- --- February 1946 Tennessee Maury Columbia killed1 6, 9
Ferguson, Charles, Joseph, Richard and Alphonzo n/a male --- early 1946 New York Nassau Freeport the four brothers were lined up against a wall by a policeman, three were shot and two killed; two survuived 2
Snipes, MaceoU n/a --- --- July 18, 1946 Georgia Taylor Butler --- 13
Dorsey, GeorgeU n/a male --- July 25, 1946 Georgia Walton Monroe mob lynching of two African-American couples who were lined up and shot dead 6, 9, 13, 35, 42
Dorsey, MaeU n/a female --- July 25, 1946 Georgia Walton Monroe mob lynching of two African-American couples who were lined up and shot dead 6, 9, 13, 35, 42
Malcolm, DorothyU n/a female --- July 25, 1946 Georgia Walton Monroe mob lynching of two African-American couples who were lined up and shot dead 6, 9, 13, 35, 42
Malcolm, RogerU n/a male --- July 25, 1946 Georgia Walton Monroe mob lynching of two African-American couples who were lined up and shot dead 6, 9, 13, 35, 42
Jones, John C. male --- August 8, 1946 Louisiana Webster Minden the army veteran and his young cousin were beaten by a lynch mob; Jones was tortured with a blowtorch and died 12, 35
Harris, Albert n/a male 17 August 8, 1946 Louisiana Webster Minden left for dead by a lynch mob after beating; survived 12, 35
Earle, Willie n/a male --- early 1947 Mississippi Washington Greenville taken from his jail cell and lynched by a crowd of taxi drivers who thought he had murdered one of their own; 26 taxi drivers confessed to the lynching and yet there was still a not guilty verdict in their trial 9, 35
--- n/a --- --- August 18, 1947 Alabama Jefferson Birmingham winning plaintiff in a housing suit's home bombed with six sticks of dynamite 4
--- n/a --- --- Fall 1947 Illinois Cook Chicago a gang attacked an interracial group of baseball players, there were at least two broken jaws and a black eye given out; all survived 2
Nixon, Isaiah n/a male --- September 8, 1948 Georgia Montgomery Alston shot three times on his porch in front of his family (wife and six kids) for voting in the primary election 12
Mallard, Robert male 37 November 20, 1948 Georgia Toombs Lyons shot by a mob of 20 men in front of his family 12
---* n/a male --- 1948 Mississippi Humphreys Louise the tenant farmer was beaten by two whites for asking for a receipt after paying his water bill 28
seven African-Americans n/a --- --- April 2, 1949 Georgia Dade Trenton flogged by the Klan; survived 14
Hill Jr., Caleb male 28 May 30, 1949 Georgia Wilkinson Irwinton shot three times after being abducted from jail 12
four men and one woman n/a female --- June 20, 1949 Alabama Jefferson Birmingham the men were flogged and the woman beaten by hooded night riders; survived 5
Wright, Malcolm male abt 49 July 2, 1949 Mississippi Chickasaw Houston skull split open by being hit with a bumper jack 12
--- n/a --- --- July 1949 Florida Lake Groveland multiple homes burned and pillaged by the Klan 5
--- n/a --- --- Spring 1950 Alabama Jefferson Birmingham the home of an African-American dentist was bombed 4
owner of a nightclub n/a --- --- August 26, 1950 South Carolina Horry --- abducted by the Klan from his club after large-scale gunfight; survived 5
two disabled men n/a male --- March 1951 South Carolina Horry --- abducted and flogged by the Klan; survived 5
Moore, Harriette V.U female 50 December 25, 1951 Florida Brevard Mims bomb placed under her bedroom 12, 13, 15, 16, 28
Moore, Harry T.U male 46 December 25, 1951 Florida Brevard Mims bomb placed under his bedroom 12, 13, 15, 16, 28
Day Jr., James Edward n/a male --- 1951 Georgia --- near Macon Day was held in peonage by a naval stores operator; Day escaped after the employer threatened to kill him but the employer still held his four children; an attorney attempted to take the employer to court to get the children, but there officers arrested Day on a false charge; he remained there for eight days before being released 24
several African-American women n/a female --- 1951 or early 1952 North Carolina Columbus --- forcibly had crosses shaved into their heads; survived 5
Brooks, HilliardF, U n/a male 22 August 13, 1952 Alabama Montgomery Montgomery shot by a police officer over an alleged unpaid bus fare 1, 11, 13
Ureste, LadisladoU n/a --- --- April 23, 1953 Texas Bexar San Antonio --- 13
McDuffie, Della n/a female 63 April 25, 1953 Alabama Wilcox Alberta wheelchair-bound woman was beaten to death by a sheriff on a night raid 12
Bolden, PrestonU n/a --- --- May 8, 1953 Texas Bexar San Antonio --- 13
Banks, IsadoreF, U male 59 June 4, 1954 Arkansas Crittenden Marion found chained to a tree and burned 11, 12, 13
Henry, Izell (Isaiah)F, U --- male --- July 28, 1954 Louisiana Saint Helena Greensburg brutally beaten a day after voting in 1954; survived with brain damage until 1958 1, 11, 13
--- n/a --- --- 1954 Kentucky Jefferson Louisville same home of an integrating couple dynamited twice 4
Lee, Rev. GeorgeM, U male 52 May 7, 1955 Mississippi Humphreys Belzoni shot for urging African-Americans to vote as an NAACP activist 1, 3, 10, 12, 13
Smith, LamarM, U male 63 August 13, 1955 Mississippi Lincoln Brookhaven shot in front of a courthouse having urged African-Americans to vote 1, 3, 8, 10, 12, 13
Till, Emmett Louis "Bobo"M, U male 14 August 28, 1955 Mississippi Leflore Money beaten and shot; the defendants were acquitted in a show trial; the Justice Department re-opened the investigation in 2004 1, 3, 10, 12, 13, 35, 42
Reese, John EarlM, U n/a male 16 October 22 (23), 1955 Texas Gregg Mayflower shot in a drive-by shooting while in a cafe by two whites over school integration 1, 10, 12, 13
Nelson, Joyce n/a female 13 October 22 (23), 1955 Texas Gregg Mayflower shot in a drive-by shooting while in a cafe by two whites over school integration; survived 1, 10, 12
Nelson, Johnnie n/a male 15 October 22 (23), 1955 Texas Gregg Mayflower shot in a drive-by shooting while in a cafe by two whites over school integration; survived 1, 10, 12
Bromley, Howard n/a male 23 November 5, 1955 Virginia Northumberland Heathsville shot three times in the back after an argument 12
Melton, ClintonF, U n/a male --- December 3, 1955 Mississippi Tallahatchie Sumner shotgun blast while in his car 1, 11, 12, 13
Evanston (Evansington), J.E.F, U n/a --- --- 1955 Mississippi Warren/Tallahatchie Long Lake the teacher's body was found in Long Lake in December 11, 13
Grim, D.M. n/a male --- mid-1950's Mississippi Rankin --- Sheriff Edwards beat him inside the Rankin County Courthouse; survived 8
Shelby, Jessie JamesF, U n/a male 23 January 21, 1956 Mississippi Yazoo Yazoo City shot by a police officer 11, 13
King Jr., Dr. Martin LutherM* male --- January 30, 1956 --- --- --- his home was bombed along with those of other Civil Rights leaders 16, 27
Brewer, Dr. ThomasF, U male 61 February 18, 1956 Georgia Muscogee Columbus shot seven times outside of his office by a white politician 11, 12, 13
Owens, WillU n/a --- --- March 5, 1956 North Carolina Craven New Bern --- 13
Baldwin, Rev. Charles H. (L.C.) n/a male 73 (79) April 22, 1956 Alabama Madison or Limestone Huntsville hit by a ten-pound rock thrown from a car 1, 12
McDowell, BessieU n/a female --- June 14, 1956 Alabama Covington Andalusia shot while sleeping in her bed by a man trying to frighten her nephew into paying a debt 12, 13
Mahone, MaybelleF, U n/a female 30 December 5, 1956 (1967) Georgia Pike Zebulon/Molena shot with a shotgun by a white man for "sassing" him 1, 11, 12, 13
Shuttlesworth, Rev. Fred male 34 December 25, 1956 Alabama Jefferson Birmingham home bombed; survived 4, 16
--- n/a --- --- December 31, 1956 Alabama Jefferson Birmingham home bombed 4
Edwards Jr., WillieM, U male 25 January 23, 1957 Alabama Montgomery --- forced to jump off the Tyler-Goodwin bridge by the Klan 1, 10, 12, 13
Sanford, Willie JoeF, U n/a male --- March 1, 1957 Georgia Pulaski Hawkinsville found tied at the bottom of a river 11, 13
Singleton, W.G. (George)F, U n/a --- --- April 30, 1957 North Carolina Cleveland Shelby died from third-degree burns from an explosion and fire 11, 13
--- n/a --- --- April 1957 Alabama Jefferson Birmingham two homes bombed 4
Brown, CharlesF, U n/a male --- June 18, 1957 Mississippi Yazoo Yazoo City shot by a white man for visiting that man's sister 11, 13
African-American man n/a male 58 Summer 1957 South Carolina Greenville --- beaten with blackjacks and sticks; survived 5
Aaron, Edward "Judge" n/a male 34 September (Labor Day) 1957 Alabama Jefferson Birmingham beaten, castrated and burned with turpentine; survived 4, 5
Shuttlesworth, Rev. Fred male 35 September 9, 1957 Alabama Jefferson Birmingham hit with chains, beaten with brass knuckles when he attempted to have his daughters integrate a white school; survived 4, 16
Shuttlesworth, Ruby female --- September 9, 1957 Alabama Jefferson Birmingham stabbed in the hip when she attempted to have her daughters integrate a white school; survived 4, 16
Phifer, Rev. J.S. n/a male --- September 9, 1957 Alabama Jefferson Birmingham hit with chains; survived 4
---* n/a --- --- September 9, 1957 Tennessee Nashville Hattie Cotton Elementary, a new school with enrollment of 388 whites and one African-American, was blasted by dynamite. 16
Wilson, Alex n/a male --- September 23, 1957 Arkansas Pulaski Little Rock kicked, punched, and hit in the head with bricks; survived 7
Hamilton, RogersF, U n/a male 19 October 22, 1957 Alabama Lowndes --- taken from his home and shot to death 11, 13
--- n/a --- --- December 7, 1957 Alabama Jefferson Birmingham home hit with two bombs 4
Pickett, Charles HoratiousF, U n/a male --- December 21, 1957 Georgia Muscogee Columbus beaten to death in police custody 11, 13
Love, GeorgeF, U n/a male --- January 8, 1958 Mississippi Sunflower Ruleville/Indianola shot in a gun battle with police but was cleared of the crime for which they were trying to subdue him 11, 13
--- n/a --- --- February 1958 North Carolina Mecklenburg Charlotte Klansmen attempt to dynamite an elementary school for African-Americans 5
Brazier, JamesF, U n/a male --- April 20, 1958 Georgia Terrell Dawson beaten by two police officers in front of his 10-yr old son; died 5 days later from a fractured skull and brain damage 11, 12, 13
--- n/a --- --- April 26th or 27th, 1958 Florida Duval Jacksonville African-American junior high school and Temple Beth El dynamited 4
Smith, EdF, U n/a male --- April 27, 1958 Mississippi Greene or Wayne State Line shot in his yard with his wife as a witness 11, 13
--- n/a --- --- April 28, 1958 Alabama Jefferson Birmingham 54 sticks of dynamite discovered at Temple Beth El 4
Bolden, John LarryF, U n/a male 15 May 3, 1958 Tennessee Hamilton Chattanooga shot by police 11, 13
Countryman, WillieF, U n/a male --- May 25, 1958 Georgia Terrell Dawson allegedly killed in self-defense by a police officer 11, 12, 13
Daniels, Woodrow WilsonF, U n/a male 37 June 22 (25), 1958 Mississippi Yalobusha Water Valley repeatedly beaten while in prison; died on July 1 of a stroke 11, 12, 13
Shuttlesworth, Rev. Fred --- --- June 29, 1958 Alabama Jefferson Birmingham Bethel Baptist church attempted to be bombed; survived 4
Lillard, RichardF, U n/a male --- July 20, 1958 Tennessee Davidson Nashville beaten by three white guards at a workhouse 11, 13
Hunter, ErnestF, U n/a male --- September 13, 1958 Georgia Camden St. Mary's shot while in jail 11, 13
Jeter, Joseph (Joe) FranklinF, U n/a male --- September 13, 1958 Georgia Fulton or DeKalb Atlanta killed by police in front of his family 11, 13
King Jr., Dr. Martin LutherM* male --- September 20, 1958 New York New York Harlem stabbed in the chest by a "crazed" black woman 16
Evers, Medger male 33 1958 Mississippi Lauderdale Meridian Evers was assaulted while trying to integrate a bus 30
Parker, Mack CharlesM, U male 23 April 25 (May 4), 1959 Mississippi Pearl River Poplarville beaten and shot twice in the chest after being taken from jail by a lynch mob 1, 3, 10, 12, 13, 16, 35
Billups, Charles n/a male abt 34 April 1959 Alabama Jefferson Biringham beaten and branded with "KKK" on his stomach; survived 4
Causey, Jonas n/a male 70 May 10, 1959 Mississippi Coahoma Clarksdale died in his home being shot by law enforcement; he had earlier in the day shot two white men who had attacked his home and shot his wife 12
Causey, Elnora n/a female --- May 10, 1959 Mississippi Coahoma Clarksdale shot in the thigh by a group of drunk white men attacking her home; survived 12
Person, William n/a male 28 June 13, 1959 North Carolina Franklin Youngsville shot in the back because he refused to work for a white farmer 12
O'Quinn, SamF, U male --- August 14, 1959 Mississippi Amite or Wilkinson Centreville the father of 11 and successful businessman was shot shortly after joining the NAACP 11, 12, 13
Mixon, Booker T.F, U n/a male 35 (25) October (September) 12, 1959 Mississippi Coahoma Clarksdale/Marks found naked on the side of the road with large amounts of flesh missing probably from being dragged by a car 11, 12, 13
Jackson, LutherF, U n/a male 27 October 30 (25), 1959 Mississippi Neshoba Philadelphia shot twice by a police officer with no provocation according to the closest witness 3, 11, 12, 13
Prather, William RoyF, U n/a male 15 October 31 (November 1), 1959 Mississsippi Alcorn Corinth killed in an "anti-black Halloween prank" by eight youths 11, 12, 13
Shakur, Lumumba* n/a male 16 December 1959 New York New York Jamaica (Queens) Shakur was punched in the face by a white member of the navy while on a bus who hailed from the south; others beat the sailor brutally but the police arrested Shakur; then they took him to the hospital and the white sailor identified him as the aggressor, the police beat him right there in front of doctors and nurses; Shakur was sent to jail for five years 26
King, Coretta Scott* n/a female --- early 1960s Georgia Fulton Atlanta beaten which resulted in a miscarriage 17
Turner, Felton * n/a male 27 March 7, 1960 Texas Harris Houston Felton was beaten with chains, hung by his heels form a tree, and "KKK" was carved into his chest, and again into his stomach in response to sit-in demonstrations by students at Texas Southern University 29
Greene (Green), MattieU female 32 May 16, 1960 (May 20, 1965) Georgia Catoosa Ringgold a bomb exploded under her house; her husband Jethro and 6 children survived 11, 12, 13
Johnson (Johns), MarshallF, U n/a male --- July 13, 1960 Louisiana Ouachita Monroe his employer shot him and three other employees to death 11, 13
McPharland, ErnestF, U n/a male --- July 13, 1960 Louisiana Ouachita Monroe his employer shot him and three other employees to death 11, 13
Pitts, AlbertF, U n/a male --- July 13, 1960 Louisiana Ouachita Monroe his employer shot him and three other employees to death 11, 13
Pitts, DavidF, U n/a male --- July 13, 1960 Louisiana Ouachita Monroe his employer shot him and three other employees to death 11, 13
--- n/a --- --- July 13, 1960 Louisiana Ouachita Monroe their employer killed four other men and shot this fifth person who survived 11
Robinson, FredF, U n/a male --- August 3, 1960 South Carolina Charleston or Colleton Edisto Island washed ashore on August 5th; eyes gouged out and skull crushed 11, 13
Germany, J.H. n/a --- --- Summer 1960 Mississippi Neshoba near Philadelphia beaten, run out of state for training African-American ministers at the college of which he was President 8
Cloninger (Cloniger), ClarenceF, U n/a male --- October 10, 1960 North Carolina Northampton Gaston denied medical attention after a heart attack while in jail 11, 13
--- n/a --- --- May 14, 1961 Alabama Calhoun Anniston the Freedom Riders' bus was stoned, firebombed and destroyed and the Riders attacked 4, 30
Bergman, Walter n/a male 61 May 14, 1961 Alabama Calhoun Anniston the Freedom Rider was beaten; survived with paralysis 1, 4
Person, Charles n/a male --- May 14, 1961 Alabama Calhoun Anniston the Freedom Rider was beaten; survived 4
Peck, Jim n/a male --- May 14, 1961 Alabama Calhoun Anniston the Freedom Rider was beaten; survived 4
Webb, George n/a male 29 May 14, 1961 Alabama Calhoun Anniston the Freedom Rider was beaten with a lead pipe; survived 4
Langston, Tommy n/a male --- May 14, 1961 Alabama Calhoun Anniston the Freedom Rider was kicked repeatedly while in fetal position; survived 4
--- n/a female --- May 14, 1961 Alabama Calhoun Anniston the Freedom Rider was clubbed; survived 4
Lake, Clancy n/a male --- May 14, 1961 Alabama Calhoun Anniston the Freedom Rider was beaten, hit with a pipe; survived 4
Lewis, John male --- May 20, 1961 Alabama Montgomery Montgomery the Freedom Rider was hit over the head with a wooden crate; survived 4
Seigenthaler, John male --- May 20, 1961 Alabama Montgomery Montgomery the Freedom Rider was smashed over the ear with a pipe; survived 4, 30
Zwerg, James n/a male --- May 20, 1961 Alabama Montgomery Montgomery the Freedom Rider was hospitalized for serious injuries; survived 30
Moses, Robert male --- late August 1961 Mississippi Pike McComb attacked with the butt end of a knife requiring eight stitches; survived 3
Britt, Travis n/a male --- September 5, 1961 Mississippi Amite Liberty beaten for helping to register voters; survived 3
Hardy, John n/a male --- September 7, 1961 Mississippi Pike McComb hit on the head with a pistol for helping to register voters, then arrested; survived 3
Lee, HerbertM, U male 50 (42) September 25, 1961 Mississippi Amite Liberty shot by a state representative for being active in registering voters 1, 3, 10, 11, 13
Brumfield, EliF, U n/a male --- October 13, 1961 Mississippi Pike McComb shot in self-defense according to the police officer who killed Brumfield 11, 13
--- n/a --- --- January 16, 1962 Alabama Jefferson Birmingham three churches damaged by bombs 4
Ducksworth Jr., Cpl. RomanM, U male abt 26 April 9, 1962 Mississippi Smith Taylorsville shot by a police officer for refusing to move to the back of a bus 1, 3, 10, 12, 13
Stokes, Ronald T.X.* n/a male --- April 1962 California Los Angeles Los Angeles the unarmed Stokes was shot dead suring a police assault on the L.A. Nation of Islam mosque 22
Dumas, Joseph HillF, U n/a male 19 May 5, 1962 Florida Taylor Perry shot, most likely, by a constable 11, 13
--- * n/a --- --- August 15, 1962 Georgia Lee Leesburg Shady Grove Baptist Church burned down 16
---* n/a --- --- September 9, 1962 Georgia Terrell Sasser two African-American churches near Sasser were burned down 16
two black youths* n/a --- --- September 11, 1962 Mississippi Sunflower Ruleville the two youths involved in a voter registration drive were injured by shotgun blasts fired into the windows of a home 16
---* n/a --- --- September 17, 1962 Georgia Terrell Dawson an African-American church was burned down with three white men sentenced for the arson 16
---* n/a --- --- September 25, 1962 Georgia Bibb Macon another black church is burned down. 16
King Jr., Dr. Martin LutherM male --- September 28, 1962 Alabama Jefferson Birmingham a man attacked King at a convention punching him in the mouth 4
Guihard, PaulM, U male abt 30 September 30, 1962 Mississippi Lafayette Oxford shot at a distance of less than one foot; essentially the newspaper reporter was executed 1, 7, 10, 12, 13
Gunter, Ray n/a male 23 September 30, 1962 Mississippi Lafayette Oxford shot; bystander during the riot at the University of Mississipi 7
Tucker, Mr. n/a male --- September 1962 Mississippi Sunflower Ruleville 16 bullets fired into his home; survived 4
Tucker, Mrs. n/a female --- September 1962 Mississippi Sunflower Ruleville 16 bullets fired into her home; survived 4
Burks, Marylene n/a female "young" September 1962 Mississippi Sunflower Ruleville shot in the head, survived 3
Hillet, Vivian n/a female "young" September 1962 Mississippi Sunflower Ruleville shot in the arms and legs; survived 3
Hall, A.C.F, U n/a male "youth" October 11, 1962 Georgia Bibb Macon shot by police in the back while running away prompting a 1500 person march on city hall 11, 12, 13
--- n/a male --- October 13, 1962 Alabama Jefferson Birmingham beaten by the Klan; survived 5
--- n/a --- --- December 14, 1962 Alabama Jefferson Birmingham New Bethel Baptist Church bombed by the Klan 4, 5
Meredith, Willie Lou female "teenaged" December 24, 1962 Mississippi Attala Kosciusko a shotgun blast nearly missed her as she sat in her home 7
Maxwell, SylvesterF, U n/a male --- January 17, 1963 Mississippi Madison Canton his body was found castrated and mutilated 11, 13
four SNCC workers n/a --- --- March 6, 1963 Mississippi Leflore Greenwood 2 shotgun blasts fired at them while in a parked car; all survived with just minor cuts 3, 7
Henry, Aaron male --- March 13, 1963 Mississippi Coahoma Clarksdale home hit with gasoline bombs; survived 3, 7
--- n/a --- --- March 24, 1963 Alabama Jefferson Birmingham two injured in Klan bombing of an African-American's home 5
--- n/a --- --- March 24, 1963 Mississippi Leflore Greenwood SNCC headquarters was burned 3, 7
Greene, Dewey n/a male --- March 26, 1963 Mississippi Leflore Greenwood "buckshot" fired into his front door and a window where his 6 children slept; all survived 3
Hughes, Matthew n/a male --- March 27,1963 Mississippi Leflore Greenwood bit by a police dog in a voter registration march; survived 3
Tucker, Rev. David L. n/a male "young" March 28, 1963 Mississippi Leflore Greenwood bit by a police dog marching back to his chapel from city hall; survived 3
--- n/a --- --- March 1963 Mississippi Leflore Greenwood two shotgun blasts fired at the home of an African-American student who had applied to the University; survived 7
Moore, William LewisM, U male abt 36 April 23, 1963 Alabama Etowah Attalla shot 1, 10, 13
Turnbow, Hartman n/a male --- May 9, 1963 Mississippi Holmes --- home firebombed by three Molotov cocktails and beaten; survived 1, 3, 5
Turnbow, wife of Hartman n/a female --- May 9, 1963 Mississippi Holmes --- home firebombed; survived 1, 3
Turnbow, daughter of Hartman n/a female --- May 9, 1963 Mississippi Holmes --- home firebombed; survived 1, 3
King, Rev. A.D. n/a male --- May 11, 1963 Alabama Jefferson Birmingham home bombed by the Klan; survived 4, 5
Gaston, A.G. --- --- May 11, 1963 Alabama Jefferson Birmingham A.G. Gaston's Motel bombed by the Klan 4, 5
--- n/a --- --- May 12, 1963 Alabama Calhoun Anniston homes of two African-Americans shot upon by the Klan 5
Henry, Aaron male --- May 1963 Mississippi Coahoma Clarksdale his drugstore was rocked by an explosion that tore a hole in the roof 5
Lovett, Willie Joe* n/a male 23 mid-1963 Mississippi Holmes Tchula the Civil Rights activist was killed 17
Henry, Aaron male --- June 9, 1963 Mississippi Coahoma Clarksdale broke the windows of his pharmacy 3
Johnson, June n/a female "teenager" June 9, 1963 Mississippi Montgomery Winona beaten and clubbed by three police officers and another man; survived 3
Ponder, Annelle n/a female twenties June 9, 1963 Mississippi Montgomery Winona head bloodied and tooth chipped by a belt, fists and blackjacks used by police; survived 3
West, James n/a male --- June 9, 1963 Mississippi Montgomery Winona beaten by a police officer and by black prisoners forced to help; survived 3
Hamer, Fannie Lou female --- June 9, 1963 Mississippi Montgomery Winona beaten along with others by coerced black inmates; survived 3
Evers, MedgarM male abt 38 June 12, 1963 Mississippi Rankin, Madison, or Hinds Jackson shot in front of his home by a segregationist 1, 3, 10, 12, 16
--- n/a --- --- June 18, 1963 Arkansas Arkansas Gillett African-American church dynamited by the Klan 5
--- n/a --- --- June 18, 1963 Mississippi Harrison Gulfport an African-American doctor's office was bombed by the Klan, he was also an NAACP chapter president 5
four African-American men n/a male --- June 30, 1963 Mississippi Rankin, Madison, or Hinds Jackson the Klan bombed a home, those inside escaped injury 5
Kennard, Clyde male abt 35 July 4, 1963 Mississippi Forrest or Lamar Hattiesburg jailed for four years after being framed for stealing some chicken feed, he died of cancer for which he had received completely inadequate health treatment while still in jail 3, 12
Anderson, Andrew LeeF, U n/a male --- July 17, 1963 Arkansas Crittenden Marion killed by a group of men including sheriff's deputies 11, 12, 13
five African-Americans n/a --- "teenagers" July 24, 1963 Mississippi Madison Canton shotgun fired at the teens who were active in the movement; all survived 3
Shores, Arthur D. male --- August 21, 1963 Alabama Jefferson Birmingham home bombed by the Klan; survived 4, 5
--- n/a female abt 18 August 26, 1963 South Carolina Richland Columbia Klan bombed the home of a student set to enter Univ. of South Carolina; survived 5
Shores, Arthur D. male --- September 4, 1963 Alabama Jefferson Birmingham the Klan bombed his home a second time; survived 4, 5
Coley, John n/a male 20 September 4, 1963 Alabama Jefferson Birmingham shot near Arthur Shores' home during gunfire following the bombing 4
Lymon, Thomas n/a male 35 September 4, 1963 Alabama Jefferson Birmingham shot in the head by a shotgun during gunfire following the bombing; survived 4
Gaston, A.G. male --- September 8, 1963 Alabama Jefferson Birmingham home bombed by the Klan, survived 5
Collins, Addie MaeM female 14 September 15, 1963 Alabama Jefferson Birmingham bombing at the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church 1, 4, 10, 12
McNair, DeniseM female 11 September 15, 1963 Alabama Jefferson Birmingham bombing at the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church 1, 4, 10, 12
Wesley, CynthiaM female 14 September 15, 1963 Alabama Jefferson Birmingham bombing at the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church 1, 4, 10, 12
Robertson, CaroleM female 14 September 15, 1963 Alabama Jefferson Birmingham bombing at the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church 1, 4, 10, 12
twenty-one people n/a --- --- September 15, 1963 Alabama Jefferson Birmingham Twenty-one other people were injured in the bombing at the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church.
Ware, Virgil LamarM, U male 13 September 15 (23), 1963 Alabama Jefferson Birmingham shot by a white Eagle Scout who was a straight-A student who had just left a pro-segregation rally 1, 4, 10, 12, 13
Robinson, JohnnieF, U n/a male 16 September 15, 1963 Alabama Jefferson Alabama shot in the back by a police officer after allegedly throwing stones at a car 4, 11, 12, 13
four African-Americans, unidentified n/a --- --- September 18, 1963 Florida St. John's St. Augustine beaten, one hospitalized for 14 days; all survived 5
--- n/a --- --- September 25, 1963 Alabama Jefferson Birmingham 2 bombs set off by the Klan in an African-American neighborhood 5
Jells, Ernest (Earnest)F, U n/a male "youth" October 20, 1963 Mississippi Coahoma Clarksdale accused of stealing a banana and then pointing a rifle at officers in pursuit of him 11, 13
Payne, Bruce n/a male 21 late October 1963 Mississippi Claiborne Port Gibson assaulted by four white men while at a gas station; survived 3
Payne, Bruce and Greene, George n/a male 21 and 20 late October 1963 Mississippi Adams Natchez run off the road and fired upon four times while in their car; survived 3
--- n/a --- --- November 16, 1963 Alabama Tuscaloosa Tuscaloosa two bombs exploded in an African-American neighborhood by the Klan 5
--- n/a --- --- November 19, 1963 Alabama Tuscaloosa Tuscaloosa the Klan bombed a dormitory area at the University of Alabama 5
--- n/a --- --- December 8, 1963 Georgia Terrell Dawson the Klan shot and bombed an African-American voter-registration worker's home; survived 5
Guyot, Lawrence n/a male --- 1963 Mississippi Montgomery Winona beaten by police; survived 3
Moses, Bob n/a male --- 1963 Mississippi --- --- thirteen bullets were fired into Moses' car while he was in it; he escaped injury 4
--- n/a male 14 early January 1964 Mississippi Pike McComb the Klan fired into 6 African-American businesses and 2 homes 3
Chase, Oscar n/a male --- January 22, 1964 Mississippi Forrest or Lamar Hattiesburg beaten by a white cellmate 3
--- n/a --- --- January 25, 1964 Georgia Fulton, DeKalb, or Cobb Atlanta Klan members fought with students at a Civil Rights demonstration 5
Allen, Louis (Lewis)M, U male abt 45 January 31, 1964 Mississippi Amite Liberty shot in the face with "two loads of buckshot" 1, 3, 10, 12, 13
Whitley, Alfred n/a male --- February 14, 1964 Mississippi Adams --- kidnapped and whipped 3
Curtis, Archie and another man n/a male --- February 15, 1964 Mississippi Adams Natchez kidnapped, stripped, and whipped; survived 3
--- n/a male 6 February 16, 1964 Florida Duval Jacksonville Klan members bombed the home of a boy who integrated an all-white school; survived 5
Walker, Clinton (Clifton)F, U male --- February 28 (29), 1964 Mississippi Adams Woodville shot in the back with a rifle and a shotgun at close range; alternately, with multiple shotgun blasts 3, 11, 12, 13
Russell, Leonard n/a male --- February 1964 Mississippi Adams --- bombed the union activist's home; survived 3
Caston, Silas (Ernest)F, U n/a male 20 March 1, 1964 Mississippi Hinds Jackson shot by a police officer 11, 12, 13
Chappell, Johnnie MaeM, U n/a female --- March 23, 1964 Florida Duval Jacksonville shot as she walked along a roadside 10, 13
Klunder, Rev. BruceM, U male abt 27 April (March) 7, 1964 Ohio Cuyahoga Cleveland crushed by a bulldozer2 1, 10, 13
--- n/a --- --- April 18, 1964 Alabama Macon Notasulga the Klan burned the Macon County High School 5
--- n/a male --- April 18, 1964 Louisiana Washington Bogalusa the Klan kidnapped a man beating him with a pistol and flogging him; survived 5
Bob Wagner n/a male --- April 18, 1964 Louisiana East Feliciana Jackson the Klan beat him. Mr. Wagner was a journalist; survived 5
--- n/a --- --- April 1964 Mississippi Leflore greenwood shots fired at three homes of movement supporters 3
Moore, Charles Edward (Eddie)M, U male 20 (19) May 2, 1964 Mississippi Franklin Meadville beaten, whipped and drowned; discovered on July 12th 1, 3, 5, 10, 12, 13
Dee, Henry HezekiahM, U male 21 (19) May 2, 1964 Mississippi Franklin Meadville/Parker's Landing beaten, whipped and drowned; discovered on July 12th 1, 3, 5, 10, 12, 13
--- n/a --- --- May 29, 1964 Florida St. Johns St. Augustine night riders shot up a home and car 5
Williams, Otha n/a male --- May 30, 1964 Mississippi Madison Canton beaten severely by police on a back road; survived 3
--- n/a --- --- June 3, 1964 Mississippi Madison, Rankin or Hinds Jackson several workers injured as the COFO office was shot up; survived 3
Black, James n/a male --- June 8, 1964 Mississippi Lowndes near Columbus beaten severely by a state highway patrolman 3
--- n/a --- --- June 8, 1964 Mississippi Madison Canton CORE headquarters had a bomb attempt that exploded outside 3
two men and one woman, all African-American n/a --- --- early June 1964 Mississippi Wilkinson Woodville officially carbon monoxide poisoning but the African-American mortician said it was "buckshot" 3
--- n/a --- --- June 16, 1964 Mississippi Neshoba Philadelphia the Klan beat multiple African-Americans and burned the Mt. Zion Methodist church to the ground 5
--- n/a --- --- June 17, 1964 Mississippi Rankin, Madison or Hinds Jackson an African-American was seized and flogged by the Klan 5
--- n/a --- --- June 20, 1964 Mississippi Pike McComb 5 bombs set off3 5
Schwerner, MichaelM, U male 24 June 21, 1964 Mississippi Neshoba Philadelphia shot once 1, 3, 10, 12, 13
Goodman, AndrewM, U male abt 21 June 21, 1964 Mississippi Neshoba Philadelphia shot once 1, 3, 10, 12, 13
Chaney, JamesM, U male 21 June 21, 1964 Mississippi Neshoba Philadelphia shot three times, once in the head and twice in the chest 1, 3, 10, 12, 13
--- n/a --- --- June 21, 1964 Missouri Stone or Taney Branson Sweet Rest Church of Christ was bombed by the Klan 5
Bryant, C.C. and more n/a --- --- June 22, 1964 Mississippi Pike McComb the Klan bombed the homes of three African-American Civil Rights activists; survived 3, 5
--- n/a --- --- June 25, 1964 Mississippi Sunflower Ruleville the Klan bombed an African-American church 5
--- n/a --- --- June 25, 1964 Mississippi Neshoba Longdale the Klan bombed an African-American church 5
Taylor, IsaiahF, U n/a male --- June 26, 1964 Mississippi Sunflower Ruleville shot by a police officer 11, 13
--- n/a --- --- June 27, 1964 Mississippi Pike McComb the Klan threw a Molotov cocktail at the McComb newspaper's front door 5
McGhee, Silas n/a male 21 July 5, 1964 Mississippi Leflore Greenwood beaten by 15 people for trying to integrate a movie theater; survived 3, 30
Hayes, Curtis n/a male --- July 7, 1964 Mississippi Pike McComb knocked unconscious and cut by glass from a bomb thrown at a Freedom House; survived 3, 5
Sweeney, Dennis n/a male --- July 7, 1964 Mississippi Pike McComb concussed from a bomb thrown at a Freedom House; survived 3, 5
Greenwood, JasperF, U n/a male --- July 10, 1964 Mississippi Warren Vicksburg shot to death in his car 11, 13
Penn, Lt. Col. LemuelM male 48 July 11, 1964 Georgia Madison Colbert shot by Klansmen as he drove home from U.S. Army Reserves training 1, 3, 10, 27
--- n/a --- --- July 12, 1964 Mississippi Adams Natchez Klan arsonists burned down two African-American churches 5
Edwards, JosephU n/a male --- July 12, 1964 Louisiana Concordia Vidalia --- 13
--- n/a --- --- July 13, 1964 North Carolina Wilson Elm City two men arrested while attempting to burn an African-American church 5
--- n/a male --- July 14, 1964 Mississippi Copiah Wesson the Klan beat a gas station owner who refused to join them and hired African-American workers; survived 5
McGhee, Silas n/a male 21 July 16, 1964 Mississippi Leflore Greenwood abducted and beaten with a wooden board and a pipe while in line to register to vote; survived 3
Powell, JimmyF, U n/a male 15 July 16, 1964 New York Kings Brooklyn shot to death by a police officer sparking riots in Harlem, Bedford-Stuyvesant, and Rochester 11, 13, 16
McGhee, Jake n/a male July 17, 1964 Mississippi Leflore Greenwood eye injured by glass from a broken car window due to a mob throwing a bottle at it; survived 3
--- n/a --- --- July 17, 1964 Mississippi Pike McComb Zion Hill Freewil Baptist Church was burned and two men beaten; survived 5
--- n/a --- --- July 19, 1964 Mississippi Madison --- Christian Union Baptist Church destroyed by Klan arsonists 5
Samstein, Mendy n/a male --- July 19, 1964 Mississippi Pike McComb assaulted; survived 3
--- n/a --- --- July 24, 1964 Florida St. Johns St. Augustine the Klan firebombed a restaurant 5
Bryant, Charlie and Ora n/a --- --- abt July 26, 1964 Mississippi Pike McComb bomb attempt at their home 3
--- n/a --- --- July 30, 1964 Mississippi Lauderdale Meridian Mount Moriah Baptist Church burned by the Klan 5
--- n/a --- --- July 31, 1964 Mississippi Rankin Brandon Pleasant Grove Baptist Church burned to its foundation by the Klan 5
--- n/a male "teenager" July 1964 Mississippi --- --- never identified; found in the Big Black River wearing a CORE t-shirt 3
Montgomery, Nehemiah (Neimiah)F, U n/a male 60 August 10, 1964 Mississippi Bolivar Merigold shot by police after allegedly refusing to pay for gas 11, 12, 13
Lewis, Pete n/a male 65 August 14, 1964 Mississippi Pike McComb bombed the supermarket of the movement supporter; survived 3
--- n/a --- --- August 15, 1964 Mississippi Adams Natchez an African-American bar was dynamited by the Klan 5
--- n/a male --- August 15, 1964 Mississippi Leflore Greenwood the Klan shot an African-American who had been severley beaten a month earlier 5
--- n/a --- --- August 15, 1964 Mississippi Madison, Rankin or Hinds Jackson an African-American was shot and a "white" Civil Rights worker was clubbed 5
--- n/a female --- August 27, 1964 Mississippi Madison, Rankin or Hinds Jackson the Klan bombed the newspaper office of a Pulitzer-Prize winning anti-Klan editor; survived 3, 5
Dillon, Willie and Matti n/a --- --- August 28, 1964 Mississippi Pike McComb an explosion occurred near their front door; 9 sticks of dynamite did not explode; survived 3
Miller, James AndrewF, U n/a male --- August 30, 1964 Georgia Butts Jackson shot by whites a few days after being beaten 11, 13
--- n/a --- --- August 1964 Mississippi Holmes --- a SNCC car was burned, and the SNCC center was victim of a bomb attempt 3
McGhee, Silas n/a male 21 August 1964 Mississippi Leflore Greenwood shot in the head, most likely by a police officer; survived 3
two CORE volunteers n/a --- --- Summer 1964 Mississippi Leake --- beaten inside of a doctor's office when trying to seek treatment; survived 3
Hudson, Dovie n/a female --- Summer 1964 Mississippi Leake --- bomb attempted to be placed in her mailbox, among other victims; survived 3
--- n/a --- --- late Summer 1964 Mississippi Adams --- home next to SNCC workers' home was bombed 3
Stone, Bob n/a male --- September 2, 1964 Mississippi Pike McComb the COFO volunteer was assaulted; survived 3
--- n/a --- --- September 6, 1964 Mississippi Madison Canton the Klan dynamited a "white"-owned grocery store in an African-American neighborhood 5
--- n/a --- --- September 7, 1964 Mississippi Pike Summit three bombs set off against African-American property by the Klan; one was a minister another a school principal, and the other a a grocery store owner but none were active in the movement 3, 5
Oarsby, Herbert (Orsby, Hubert)F, U n/a male 14 September 7, 1964 Mississippi Madison/Holmes Canton/Pickens found in the Black River on September 10th 1, 11, 12, 13
Baker, Rev. James n/a --- --- September 9, 1964 Mississippi Pike McComb (near Summit) the Klan dynamited the home of an African-American minister not involved in the movement; survived 3, 5
--- n/a --- --- September 17, 1964 Mississippi Madison Canton The Klan burned two African-American churches used for voter registration 5
--- n/a --- --- September 19, 1964 Mississippi Neshoba Philadelphia two small churches burned by the Klan 5
Quin, Aylene n/a female --- September 20, 1964 Mississippi Pike McComb home of an African-American Civil Rights worker bombed; survived 3, 5
Quin, Anthony n/a male 4 September 20, 1964 Mississippi Pike McComb pinned to his bed by the fallen ceiling in the bombing but not injured; survived 3, 5
--- n/a --- --- September 21, 1964 Mississippi Pike McComb the Klan damaged a church and a home with dynamite 5
--- n/a --- --- September 23, 1964 Mississippi Pike McComb a bomb thrown at the home of a former African-American politician 5
--- n/a --- --- September 25, 1964 Mississippi Adams Natchez the Klan bombed the home of the mayor and the home of an African-American 5
Bryant, ??? n/a male --- September 1964 Mississippi Pike McComb the brother of C.C. Bryant, local NAACP President, had his home dynamited 3
Nosser, John n/a male --- September 1964 Mississippi Adams Natchez the Mayor of Nathez's home was bombed by the Klan as he was "too moderate" on race relations 3
Quin, Jacqueline n/a female 9 September 1964 Mississippi Pike McComb an eardrum was punctured by the explosion from the bombing; survived 3, 5
Brown, Bessie n/a --- --- October 4, 1964 Mississippi Warren Vicksburg the Klan dynamited an African-American church used for voter registration by COFO where she and her seven children lived; all survived 3, 5
--- n/a --- --- October 27, 1964 Mississippi Sunflower Indianola Indianola freedom school burned by arsonists 3
King, Annie Mae n/a female 60 October 28, 1964 Mississippi Sunflower near Indianola tear-gas bomb thrown through her window; she housed COFO workers; survived 3
--- n/a male 14 October 28, 1964 Mississippi Sunflower near Indianola injured by the tear-gas bomb thrown through Mrs. King's window; survived 3
--- n/a --- --- October 31, 1964 Mississippi Tippah Ripley the Klan burned down the Antioch Baptist Church also used as a Freedom School 5
Turnbow, Hartman n/a male --- October 1964 Mississippi Holmes --- shots fired into his home by night riders; survived 3
Smith, Hazel Brannon female --- October 1964 Mississippi Rankin, Madison, or Hinds Jackson her newspaper offices were bombed; survived 3
Sanders, I.S. n/a --- --- October 1964 Mississippi Rankin, Madison, or Hinds Jackson the NAACP leader's home was bombed; survived 3
--- n/a --- --- November 17, 1964 Mississippi Jones Laurel a union official was kidnapped and whipped by the Klan; survived 5
Andrews, FrankF, U n/a male --- November 28, 1964 Alabama Choctaw Lisman shot by a sheriff's deputy while allegedly attacking another deputy 11, 13
--- n/a --- --- November 29, 1964 Alabama Montgomery Montgomery the Klan dynamited an African-American home 5
Morris, FrankF, U n/a male 51 December 10, 1964 Louisiana Concordia Ferriday killed by a gas stove explosion after being prevented from leaving a burning building the Klan had set on fire 1, 5, 11, 12, 13
--- n/a --- --- December 13, 1964 Alabama Montgomery Montgomery a bomb exploded outside an African-American church 5
Brown, Gene a.k.a. Evans, PheldF, U n/a male --- 1964 Mississippi Madison Canton "kiled under mysterious circumstances" 11, 13
Cano, JesseU n/a --- --- January 1, 1965 Florida Hernando Brooksville --- 13
Brown, JessieF, U n/a --- --- January 13, 1965 Mississippi Montgomery Winona the NAACP alleged Brown was shot by a white farmer 11, 13
--- n/a --- --- January 17, 1965 Louisiana Jackson Jonesboro two African-American churches destroyed by arson 5
Triggs, Selma (Saleam)F, U n/a female --- January 21, 1965 Mississippi Forrest or Lamar Hattiesburg burned to death 11, 13
Shelby, OllieU n/a --- --- January 22, 1965 Mississippi Hinds --- --- 13
--- n/a --- --- January 23, 1965 North Carolina Craven New Bern the Klan bombed a funeral home and two cars during a Civil Rights meeting 5
Metcalfe, George n/a male 53 late January 1965 Mississippi Adams Natchez shot fired through the window of his home 3
Scott Jr., MarshallF, U n/a male --- January 1965 Louisiana Orleans New Orleans died in solitary confinement with no medical attention 11, 13
El-hajj Malik El-Shabazz (Malcolm X)* male 39 February 14, 1965 New York --- --- his home was fire-bombed 17
two African-Americans n/a --- "youths" February 16, 1965 Alabama Mobile Mobile wounded by shotgun blasts 5
Lee, Willie Henry "John"F, U n/a male 24 February 25, 1965 Mississippi Rankin Canton?? beaten but autopsy showed "strangulation from gas" 11, 12, 13
Jackson, Jimmie LeeM, U male 26 February 26, 1965 Alabama Perry Marion beaten and shot by state troopers while trying to protect his mother and grandmother during a civil rights march on Feb. 18th; died on Feb. 26th 1, 10, 12, 13, 30
Rasberry, DonaldF, U n/a male --- February 27, 1965 Mississippi Chickasaw Okolona shot by his plantation boss 11, 12, 13
--- n/a --- --- February 28, 1965 Alabama Lowndes --- armed men, during church services, threatened a minister's life if he did not leave the county by sundown 5
--- n/a --- --- March 5, 1965 Mississippi Sunflower Indianola the Klan burned a Freedom School/library to the ground 5
Reeb, Rev. JamesM, U male abt 38 March 8 (11), 19654 Alabama Dallas Selma beaten 1, 5, 10, 13
--- n/a --- --- March 21, 1965 Mississippi Warren Vicksburg Molotov cocktail thrown into a desegregated cafe 5
--- n/a --- --- March 21, 1965 Alabama Jefferson Birmingham four time-bombs discovered in African-American neighborhoods 5
--- n/a --- --- March 22, 1965 Alabama Jefferson Birmingham two more time-bombs discovered n African-American neighborhoods 5
Liuzzo, Viola GreggM female abt 40 March 25, 1965 Alabama Dallas Lowndesboro/Selma shot by Klansen passing in a car as she was driving 1, 5, 10
Miller, HosieU n/a --- --- March 25, 1965 Georgia Baker Newton --- 13
--- n/a --- --- March 29, 1965 Mississippi Lauderdale Meridian fire bombs thrown at two African-American churches 5
--- n/a --- --- April 1, 1965 Alabama Jefferson Birmingham three bombs set by the Klan, one destroyed the home of an African-American and two more were found at the homes of the mayor and a city councilwoman 5
---* n/a --- --- April 1965 Michigan Wayne Detroit twenty-five crosses were burned at black residences in integrated neighborhoods 26
Moore, OnealM, U male 34 June 2, 1965 Louisiana Washington Varnado the deputy was shot while on patrol by gunfire from a car 1, 10, 12, 13
Rogers, Creed n/a male --- June 2, 1965 Louisiana Washington Varnado the deputy was shot while on patrol by gunfire from a car; survived 10
Waymers, JamesF, U n/a male --- July 10, 1965 South Carolina Allendale Allendale shot by a white man who alleged self-defense 11, 13
Wilder, John Wesley (Robert)F, U n/a male --- July 17, 1965 Louisiana Lincoln Ruston killed by a police officer 11, 13
Brewster, WillieM male abt 39 July 18, 19655 Alabama Calhoun Anniston shot by the neo-Nazi group the NSRP on his way home from work 1, 10
Piercefield, WilliamU n/a --- --- July 24, 1965 Louisiana Concordia --- --- 13
Queen, JohnnyF, U n/a male --- August 8, 1965 Mississippi Jefferson Fayette most likely shot by an off-duty white constable 11, 13
Thomas, Freddie LeeF, U n/a male 16 August 19, 1965 Mississippi Leflore Sidon possibly murdered as a warning against black voter registration 11, 13
Daniels, Jonathan MyrickM, U male 26 August 20, 1965 Alabama Lowndes Haynesville the Civil Rights activist who had been in jail for a peaceful protest was shot point-blank with a 12-gauge shotgun by a part-time deputy sheriff, Tom Coleman, moments after his release 1, 10, 13, 23
Morrisroe, Fr. Richard n/a male --- August, 20 1965 Alabama Lowndes Haynesville the Civil Rights activist who had been in jail for a peaceful protest was shot by Deputy sheriff Tom Coleman; survived 1, 23
Hill, Arthur JamesF, U n/a male --- August 20, 1965 Georgia Carroll or Douglas Villa Rica shot during an argument with whites 11, 13
Christian, ThadU n/a male 54 August 26 (28), 1965 Alabama Calhoun Anniston shotgun blast while walking home from fishing 12, 13
Metcalfe, George n/a male 53 August 27, 1965 Mississippi Adams Natchez car bomb caused fractures in an arm and leg, multiple lacerations and a serious eye injury; survived 3
Griffin, Jimmie LeeF, U n/a male --- September 24, 1965 Mississippi Oktibbeha Sturgis killed in a hit and run, but run over at least twice 11, 13
McNair, RobertF, U n/a male --- November 6, 1965 Mississippi Rankin Pelahatchie shot by a town constable 11, 12, 13
Power, Lillie Dell (Powers, Lillie Bell) n/a female 14 November 10, 1965 Mississippi Oktibbeha Starkville shot while in a car with other black youths 12
Younge Jr., Samuel LeamonM, U male abt 22 January 3, 1966 Alabama Macon Tuskegee shot after an argument about segregated restrooms 1, 10, 13, 30
Dahmer, Vernon FerdinandM male 57 January 10, 1966 Mississippi Forrest Hattiesburg his home was shot up and firebombed; he fired back at the attackers while his wife and daughter escaped; his lungs were irreparably damaged from inhaling smoke in the fire 1, 3, 10, 12
Hamlett, AdlenaU n/a --- --- January 11, 1966 Mississippi Leflore Sidon --- 13
Keglar, BirdieU n/a --- --- January 11, 1966 Mississippi Leflore Sidon --- 13
Johnson, NathanU n/a --- --- May 8, 1966 Alabama Shelby Alabaster --- 13
Meredith, James male 32 June 6, 1966 Mississippi DeSoto Hernando shot three times with a shotgun while on a march from Memphis to Jackson; survived; the shooter was sentenced to five years in prison mainly because the shooting was witnessed by the press 3, 45
White, Ben ChesterM, U male 67 June 10, 1966 Mississippi Adams Natchez shot by Klansmen who "thought they could divert attention from a civil rights march by killing a black person" 1, 3, 10, 12, 13
Stewart, Eddie JamesF, U n/a male --- July 9, 1966 Mississippi Copiah Crystal Springs (Jackson) beaten and shot while in police custody 11, 13
Triggs, ClarenceM n/a male abt 24 July 30, 1966 Louisiana Washington Bogalusa shot through the head 1, 10
Hampton, CollieF, U n/a --- --- August 14, 1966 Kentucky Clark Winchester shot by police officers 11, 13
Varner, Hubert (Hulet)F, U n/a male 16 September 10, 1966 Georgia Fulton or DeKalb Atlanta shot when someone fired into a group of African-American teenagers 11, 13
Sigh, Richard* n/a male 13 September 12, 1966 Mississippi Grenada Grenada his leg was broken by the mob challenging integration as he was beaten with clubs;one of about 30 children injured that day; survived 3
Harris, AlphonsoF, U n/a male --- December 1, 1966 Georgia Dougherty Albany killed 11, 13
Dahmon, VincentF, U n/a male 65 1966 Mississippi Adams Natchez shot in the head 11, 13
Jackson, WharlestM, U male 36 February 27, 1967 Mississippi Adams Natchez the local NAACP treasurer died when a bomb was planted in his car 1, 3, 10, 12, 13
Brown, BenjaminM, U male 22 May 12 (11), 1967 Mississippi Rankin, Madison, or Hinds Jackson shot by police who opened fire at a Jackson State College protest; once in the back and once in the back of the head 1, 3, 10, 12, 13, 30
---* n/a male --- June 12, 1967 Michigan Wayne Detroit suburbs the black man, part of an interracial couple who had moved into a white neighborhood, had his home smoke-bombed by a mob of about 80 people 26
---* n/a female --- June 12, 1967 Michigan Wayne Detroit suburbs the white woman, part of an interracial couple who had moved into a white neighborhood, had his home smoke-bombed by a mob of about 80 people 26
Williamson, RodellF, U n/a male 31 June (May) 20, 1967 Alabama Wilcox Camden found in the Alabama River 1, 12, 13
Thomas, Mr. n/a male --- June 23, 1967 Michigan Wayne Detroit the man and his wife went to Rouge park in a white neighborhood where a mob of about 15 to 20 whites harassed them and threatened to rape the woman; they shot the man three times, killing him; the woman miscarried due to the incident; no one was charged despite six arrests 26
Thomas, Mrs. n/a female --- June 23, 1967 Michigan Wayne Detroit the woman and her husband went to Rouge park in a white neighborhood where a mob of about 15 to 20 whites harassed them and threatened to rape the woman; they shot the man three times, killing him; the woman miscarried due to the incident; no one was charged despite six arrests 26
Brumfield, CarrieF, U n/a male --- September 12, 1967 Louisiana Washington Franklinton shot in the chest in his car 11, 13
--- n/a --- --- Fall 1967 Mississippi Rankin, Madison, or Hinds Jackson the Klan bombed Temple Beth Israel 3
--- n/a --- --- Fall 1967 Mississippi Rankin, Madison, or Hinds Jackson the Klan bombed the home of the Tougaloo College Academic Dean 3
--- n/a --- --- Fall 1967 Mississippi Rankin, Madison, or Hinds Jackson the Klan bombed the home of a Jackson businessman 3
--- n/a --- --- Fall 1967 Mississippi Rankin, Madison, or Hinds Jackson the Klan bombed the home of the Beth Israel rabbi 3
Johnson, Rev. Allen n/a male --- November 15, 1967 Mississippi Jones Laurel the Klan bombed the home of the NAACP activist 3
Motley, James EarlU male --- November 20, 1967 (1966) Alabama Elmore Wetumpka three severe blows to the head from a deputy; died while in custody 11, 12, 13
Wooden, ArchieF, U n/a male 16 December 25, 1967 Alabama Wilcox Camden bled to death in a ditch after falling on a sapling 11, 13
Hammond, Samuel EphesiansM, U male abt 29 February 8, 1968 South Carolina Orangeburg Orangeburg shot during a college demonstration by police 1, 10, 13
Middleton, Delano HermanM, U male abt 18 February 8, 1968 South Carolina Orangeburg Orangeburg shot during a college demonstration by police 1, 10, 13
Smith, Henry EzekielM, U male abt 20 February 8, 1968 South Carolina Orangeburg Orangeburg shot during a college demonstration by police 1, 10, 13
Payne, LarryF, U male 16 March 28, 1968 Tennessee Shelby Memphis killed by a shotgun blast from a patrolman 11, 12, 13
King Jr., Martin LutherM male abt 39 April 4, 1968 Tennessee Shelby Memphis assassinated (shot) 1, 10
--- n/a --- --- Spring 1968 Mississippi Lauderdale Meridian a series of Klan bombings 3
a police officer and a bystander n/a --- --- June 30, 1968 Mississippi Lauderdale Meridian shot by a Klan member who was bombing a Jewish businessman's home; survived 3, 5
Jenkins, Carol female 21 September 16, 1968 Indiana Morgan Marinsville stabbed with a screwdriver while selling encyclopedias door-to-door 12
Vidal, Feipe Pagan n/a male --- December 1968 Florida --- near Miami the Puerto Rican immigrant had moved from New York to Florida based on false promises of higher wages and other perks; after a week on the job he attemted to leave; a foreman "hacked him across the back and the shoulder" with a machete, he was denied medical care and placed under guard 24
Thomas, AnnU n/a --- --- April 8, 1969 Texas Bexar San Antonio --- 13
Allen, Lillie Belle female 27 July 21, 1969 Pennsylvania York York killed 12
Pool, Rainey n/a male 54 April 12, 1970 Mississippi Humphreys Louise fractured vertebrae and larynx; found in the Sunflower River 12
--- n/a --- --- Fall 1971 Michigan Oakland Pontiac ten school buses bombed at the opening of the school year to protest busing for integration 2
Salazar, Ruben* n/a male --- August 29, 1970 California Los Angeles Los Angeles the journalist who investigated police repression was knocked unconscious by a tear-gas cannister during a raid on a bar; police refused to let anyone in the building to retrieve Salazar and he died two hours later 21